Caring for children with Tourette’s Syndrome

Tourette’s syndrome, also called Tourette Syndrome or TS, is a neurological disease. Patients with TS experience sudden and frequent tics – movements that are quick and twitch-like, and uncontrollable. More often than not, TS manifests itself in children between 7 and 12. While caring for a child with TS may be difficult, it is by no means impossible. Knowledge and research can go a long way.

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On that note, Dr. Curtis Cripe shares a few effective ways of caring for children with TS.

Calming techniques

Parents of children with TS would do good to learn the many calming techniques professionals do when calming their patients. Since children with TS are known to be irritable and short-tempered, having them do activities such as meditation and deep breathing can help them cope with their situation.

Biofeedback Training

Biofeedback training is a form of therapy whose goal is to manage the triggers of tics. It has been known to help people with TS control stress and the pain they feel from the tics.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Through Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, children with TS perform exercises that help them control their thoughts, emotions, and, ultimately, behavior. This goes a long way when dealing with tics and other TS symptoms, Dr. Curtis Cripe adds.

Dr. Curtis Cripe also mentions that parents need to consult with professionals regularly, as well as therapists, for the continued progress of their children.

Dr. Curtis Cripe is the head of research and development at the NTL Group, which specializes in the creation of neuroengineering programs that aid in the diagnosis and treatment of numerous neurological disorders. Go to this page for more neurology-related reads.

Distinguishing between fine motor and gross motor skills

Motor skills allow the use of the skeletal muscles effectively. These vary in function and involve different parts of the body, including the joints, bones, nervous system, and brain. Motor skills are refined as people age, but sometimes they can also be hampered by certain disabilities, explains behavioral medicine professional Dr. Curtis Cripe.

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Gross motor skills refer to skills acquired or learned as a baby until early childhood. For example, by the time a child turns two, they should be able to begin walking, climbing up the stairs, and running. Gross motor skills are developed throughout childhood and are refined as one grows older. In other words, they are integral to a person’s overall motor development.

Fine motor skills, on the other hand, have to do with the coordination of muscle movements in the body, like using the eyes, fingers, and hands properly. These skills involve being able to put on clothing, fasten buttons, or grasp small objects. They enhance the sense of body control, strength, and dexterity.

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Both gross and fine motor skills are integral to the overall physical and mental development of any child. It is the duties of parents to aid their children in the development of their motor skills by providing activities that enhance them. At the same time, in instances in which parents detect delays, they can take their children to a neurologist to run specific motor-skill assessments, adds Dr. Curtis Cripe.

Dr. Curtis Cripe heads research and development at the NTL Group, which uses neuroengineering technology for treating various learning and memory disorders, neurodevelopmental delays, anxiety, and depression. More on Dr. Cripe and the NTL Group here.

How artistry can help Alzheimer’s patients

While Dr. Curtis Cripe and the NTL Group’s many methods of helping patients with neurological disorders utilize highly advanced technology, Dr. Cripe has managed to explore countless other ways in combating mental health issues.

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For this blog, Dr. Cripe explores just how artistry can help people suffering from Alzheimer’s disease.

First off, everyone has to know that not all of those who are in their twilight years have Alzheimer’s. Secondly, Alzheimer’s doesn’t only strike once a person reaches their twilight years. There have been some cases that the disease manifests itself much earlier in a person’s life, although it doesn’t happen as much as in seniors.

When a person develops Alzheimer’s, they experience memory loss and struggles to move the way they used to. This drop in motor function hampers a person’s daily routine, as the reduction in cognitive skills negatively affects their short and long-term memory.

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It is fortunate, however, that many researchers and scientists have found ways to keep the brain healthy enough to delay the progression of the disease. One of these ways is art therapy.

Combined with other forms of more traditional therapy such as occupational, physical, and speech therapies, art therapy has been found to stimulate the brain and in some cases, retrieve lost memories. Art therapy involves painting, sculpting, sketching, photography, as well as exposing one’s self to artwork in museums. It can also overlap with music therapy, which is, of course, another form of art.

While art therapy isn’t a form of cure, it does have its benefits. And when battling mental health diseases, every little bit helps.

Dr. Curtis Cripe is the head of research and development at the NTL Group. He has published two peer-reviewed papers and wrote two book chapters on neurotherapy and neuroengineering. For related posts, visit this blog.

Addiction hijacks the brain: Here’s how

Once humans develop an addiction, their brain becomes rewired to use drugs in spite of the risks and consequences. Addiction has such a long and powerful effect on the brain that it becomes a constant, even recurring struggle that requires an effective treatment plan, according to neuroengineer Dr. Curtis Cripe.

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This influence on the brain manifests in different ways, mainly the craving for the object of your addiction, losing control over its use, and persistent involvement with the object amid negative consequences. From previous decades when people first thought that people with addictions were morally flawed or lacked willpower, addiction is now recognized as a chronic disease affecting both the structure and function of the brain.

When it comes to the pleasure principle, addictive drugs and substances offer a shortcut to the brain’s reward system, flooding the nucleus accumbens with dopamine and other neurotransmitters. The probability that the use of a drug will lead to addiction depends on the speed of promoting dopamine release, as well as the intensity and dependability of such release. Smoking or intravenous administration, for instance, generally produces a quicker dopamine signal and is more likely to lead to drug abuse compared to swallowing a pill.

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Over time, too, the brain can adapt in a way that makes the desired substance or activity less pleasurable. This leads to building a tolerance, where a person then has to take more of the object of his addiction to get the same dopamine “high,” explained Dr. Curtis Cripe.

The human brain is a complex organ that controls voluntary and involuntary actions alike. It is highly adaptive, which unfortunately also contributes to the formation of addictive behaviors. Since addiction is “learned” and stored in this dynamic organ as memory, recovery becomes a long, slow process.

Dr. Curtis Cripe is a neuroengineer with diverse multidisciplinary background that includes software development, bioengineering, addiction recovery, psychophysiology, psychology, brain injury, and child neurodevelopment. For similar posts, visit this page.

When should you bring your child to a pediatric neurologist?

Pediatric neurologists are tasked to diagnose and treat problems related to the nervous system and brain functions of children. They study conditions caused by the breakdown of communications in the nervous system, which generally allow signals to move seamlessly between the brain and other parts of the body, explains Behavioral Medicine expert Dr. Curtis Cripe.

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There are two main symptoms that should make you think about seeing a pediatric neurologist for your child. Seizure is the first symptom. While seizures do not happen regularly, they are not as rare as believed. Some kids may experience what is known as a febrile seizure, which may appear frightening to parents but do not cause epilepsy or any long-term harm.

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A child undergoing a febrile seizure should be brought to the pediatrician immediately, as the doctor should be able to treat and determine its seriousness and severity. But if a child chronically experiences seizure episodes, it’s best to bring them to a pediatric neurologist.

Another reason to see a pediatric neurologist is if your child frequently experiences migraines. Migraine headaches are debilitating, causing abnormal sensitivity to light, difficulty in seeing, and even nausea. Though it usually only requires rest, water, and pain medication to treat a normal headache, repeated and prolonged migraines should be brought to the attention of a pediatric neurologist. This is because such chronic migraines may likewise be accompanied by various neurological dysfunctions like confusion and loss of sight, Dr. Curtis Cripe adds.

Dr. Curtis Cripe played an important role in the development of the programs being used by the NTL Group, which specializes in the treatment of learning disabilities. More information on Dr. Cripe and his work here.

Prosopagnosia: Understanding the brain disorder

Dr. Curtis Cripe is a brain injury and child neurodevelopment expert who studies rare neurological disorders such as prosopagnosia or face blindness. This illness prevents a person from recognizing faces, even familiar ones. According to this report, 1 out of 50 people in the UK suffer from developmental prosopagnosia. While many people fail to recognize that they have this condition, there is more to prosopagnosia than just being unable to recognize someone’s face. What should people know about this disorder?

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The two types: Developmental and acquired prosopagnosia

Developmental prosopagnosia occurs without brain injury. It may be genetic with the person recognizing the signs later. Some children who have this condition develop coping strategies to recognize the people around them. Others even grow up without knowing that there is a name for their face blindness. On the other hand, acquired prosopagnosia is when a person develops the condition after brain damage due to a stroke or a head injury. In this case, a person discerns that their mind is now unable to identify people like they used to.

There is still no specific treatment for the condition

Neurodevelopment experts like Dr. Curtis Cripe have not found a cure for prosopagnosia. However, many studies are trying to find the cause of this condition and what can be done to help patients improve facial recognition.

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Those living with prosopagnosia can work with neuropsychologists, and neurodevelopment experts to help them find ways on coming up with recognition strategies that will help them with socializing. There are also resources and support groups that can help patients and their families understand their condition better.

Dr. Curtis Cripe is a neuroengineer with a diverse multidisciplinary background that includes software development, bioengineering, addiction recovery, psychophysiology, brain injury, and more. Visit this blog to read similar articles.

Some facts and statistics about depression

As many as 16 million people experience clinical depression at any given time, meaning that 350 million people struggle with depression each year. It is a chronic illness that needs to be treated with medication, support, and self-care. Dr. Curtis Cripe lists down some facts and statistics about depression that many are not aware of.

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One in eight adolescents suffer from clinical depression. Depression is prevalent among the youth and if untreated, is the greatest risk factor for youth suicide. Dr. Curtis Cripe says that young men aged 15 to 24 are at most risk of suicide, with elderly men more likely to have suicidal thoughts than women.

Depression usually occurs with other health issues. It’s common for someone suffering from clinical depression to have another mental or physical health issue. An illness could trigger depression, or vice versa. A chronic or terminal illness can lead to severe bouts of depression.

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Depression is the leading cause of disability around the world. Almost 75% of people with mental disorders are still untreated in developing countries, with almost 1 million people committing suicide each year. The World Health Organization states that 1 in 3 adults in the world suffers from anxiety that leads to major depressive disorders.

Dr. Curtis Cripe heads research and development at the NTL Group, which uses neuroengineering technology that repairs brain dysfunction to treat addiction, head injury (TBI), depression, anxiety, memory disorders, and neurodevelopmental delays in children with learning disorders. For more articles like this, visit this page.

Drug addiction: Why it needs to be treated as a health issue

Drug addiction is a major malaise in the US, reaching the proportions of a national crisis. Billions of dollars are spent on law enforcement, incarceration, and prevention campaigns. But in terms of rehabilitation, education, and prevention, the United States lags behind other countries, especially those who treat drug addiction as a health issue rather than a crime.

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According to Dr. Curtis Cripe, head of research and development at the NTL Group, criminal options for drug addicts are wrongheaded responses.

Incarcerating people with drug problems does not solve the issue of drug addiction. It is extremely difficult for them to cope with problems like withdrawal and drug dependency, let alone undergo proper rehabilitation. Prison time is useless when the government neglects funding for rehabilitation in favor of incarceration centers.

Other developed European countries such as Spain tackle drug addiction in a completely different manner. Spain treats drug addiction as a health issue. Drug abuse is taken as a symptom of bigger underling problems such as poverty, depression, mania, and even violent fantasies. Needless to say, creating a law that punishes drug users has long been discredited as a viable solution.

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According to Dr. Curtis Cripe, by addressing all these underlying problems alongside dependencies on substances illegal or legal, the likelihood of relapse among former drug users could be significantly reduced. And with lowered demand, the supply for these illegal drugs is sure to fall.

Dr. Curtis Cripe is a neuroengineer with a background that includes child neurodevelopment, among other disciplines. He is also the head of the Research and Development Department of the NTL Group. For more on Dr. Cripe and his work, follow this Facebook page.

Understanding autism spectrum disorder

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is considered a neurological or developmental disorder because its symptoms generally manifest during early childhood. The American Psychiatric Association created a guide for diagnosis of mental disorders, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), listing the symptoms of ASD. It is important to note that those with ASD exhibit a varying range of symptoms, which is why Dr. Curtis Cripe, a neuroengineer, has developed programs of diagnoses and treatment.


The symptoms that are present in ASD cases, according to the DSM-5 are the following:

• Problems in communicating and interacting with other people
• Restricted, repetitive patterns of interests, behaviors, and activities
• Symptoms that affect the ability to function well in school, work, and other areas of a person’s life



Scientists and researchers have tried to determine the cause of the disorder, but so far, none has been established. There are, however, some risk factors, such as having a sibling diagnosed with the disorder, having parents at an advanced age when the child was conceived and born, and having genetic disorders, including Down syndrome, fragile X syndrome, Rett syndrome, and more.

There is no standard treatment for ASD. Dr. Curtis Cripe recommends a program that begins with brain map, neurocognitive, and neurodevelopment assessments identifying the affected areas of the brain. Upon determining the specific parts of the brain that are out of balance or underdeveloped, an individualized, integrated procedure can be planned and implemented.

Dr. Curtis Cripe has engineered cognitive rehabilitation and neurodevelopment programs helping patients with developmental disorders, such as autism, ADD/ADHD, and others. Learn more about him and his work through this website.